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William Sturgeon



Whittington, Lancashire 22-May- 1783-Prestwich, Manchester, 04-December-1850




       
Biographical Notes


         
  
Son of a shoemaker, John father described like fannullone. To single 10 years the mother dies it and in order to survive she is forced to make the apprentice near an other shoemaker without an adapted scholastic education. Remains in this situation until to the 1802 year in which it lend service in the army of Westmorland, two years after is in the real artillery where has the opportunity to approach the libraries of the units where can learn the first rudiments of language, physical and mathematics. It lend service in this body until to the age of thirty-seven years (1820). For a short time after the military experience it becomes trader to Woolwich, and nigth time it studies the natural philosophy (physical) and enters in the Woolwich Literary Society. In 1824 he is lecturer (lecturer) in the military College - East India Company's Royal Military - in Addiscombe in Surrey. The successive year attends the real Academy of Woolwich where with the aid of Francis Watkins (London) has constructed an electromagnet. Spouse with Mrs Hilton from which he will have three children whom he loses prematurely. In 1829 the marry one with Mary Bromley, and also from this wife he does not have sons and decide to adopt a girl, Ellen Coates that will very become attached the wife. He publishes in the 1830 “Experimental Researches”. In 1832 he works near a museum of science, Adelaide Gallery of Practical Science in London, museum that will ask in 1840. In 1836 I found the first review electrical worker of the United Kingdom “Annals of Electricity” that it will print until to 1843. After the '40 she is supervisor of the museum Royal Victoria Gallery of Practical Science the Manchester and will cover this role for four years (1840-1844).In 1843 it publishes twelve simple pantries on the galvanism “Magnetical Advertisements”. After the '44 (61 years) it receives a pension of £ 200 from bottom Royal Bounty Fund, that successively it will be integrated from a sum of £ 50 annual from the government however an insufficient sum for its maintenance.    4 December of 1850 dies after a long disease.